Archive for the ‘Acute mountain sickness’ Category

The latest news, views and opportunities from EWM Towers

Expedition & Wilderness Medicine

To take advantage of the World Extreme Medicine Expo early bird offer use discount code WEMEEARLYBIRD30 at the checkout.

Response to the Paris attacks

The medical response to multisite terrorist attacks in Paris reviews the coordinated effort from the emergency services and Assistance
Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (APHP) .
The article offers the perspective of an Emergency Physician, Anaesthesiologist and a Trauma Surgeon, before offering a conclusion.

It’s clear no matter what the plan, it’s the people; doctors, nurses, emergency services, administrators, volunteers and many others, that enable a successful response.
View the FULL ARTICLE on the Lancet’s website.

Jobs and opportunities

The European Space Agency is once again looking for a doctor to join them for a year of research and experiments at the Concordia research station in Antarctica.
Click HERE to see the post on the ESA website.

Luangwa Safari Association Medical Fund need a doctor for 3-6 months to provide care for staff and guest in addition to providing care at Kakumbi Rural Health Centre.
Check out the full details HERE and to read a previous doctor’s blog written during her time in the role click HERE

Course pick

Mountain Medicine 2016 following another extremely successful course in Nepal trekking to Kala Patthar and Everest Base Camp.
The first piece of feedback we received told us “this was the most amazing trip I have been on” and it is comments like these we aim for and pride ourselves on.
Pre-hospital Trauma Workshops will continue throughout 2016. We focus on initial care around head injuries, chest injuries, traumatic cardiac arrest, blast and ballistic injuries. We’ll also touch on crew resource management and effective leadership on scene in the single and multi casualty scenarios.

“We treat athletes like NASA treats astronauts”.

Last month saw the launch of Vollebak, a new brand that aims to tackle the fundamental issues faced by extreme sports people.

Having lived through the highs and lows that come with racing and training in the world’s toughest environments, founders and adventure athletes Steve and Nick Tidball, started working on products and experiments to help athletes relax and survive.
Click HERE to find out more.

Expedition & Wilderness Medicine Courses

World Extreme Medicine Conference & Expo

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Enjoy heights & panoramic views?

The International Porter Protection Group (IPPG) require a mountain loving doctor to volunteer at  the Machermo Rescue Post, Nepal for the Spring 2015 season (end Feb – start May).

You will be situated at Machermo at 4450 m and the satellite post in Gokyo Village, in the Gokyo Valley at 4800 m.  This provides an opportunity for a volunteer to practice mountain medicine in the heart of the Everest region of Nepal, in a stunning environment and

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to be welcomed into the local Sherpa community.

IPPG pays a small contribution to accommodation while in Kathmandu; flight costs to and from Lukla and then accommodation during the walk in and out. All food and accommodation is provided for free while at Machermo/Gokyo.

IPPG will consider potential volunteers who could work either the whole, or half of the season.  For further details please contact Nick Mason at: npmason@doctors.org.uk

Links
IPPG
EWM Mountain Medicine course, Nepal
EWM Mountain Medicine course, Aconcagua

Expedition & Wilderness Medicine

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Everest ER founder heads up Mountain Medicine Course in Nepal

Expedition & Wilderness Medicine – enews
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Expedition & Wilderness MedicineJoin Dr Luanne Freer Director of Medicine at Yellowstone National Park, past president of the Wilderness Medical Society & founder of Everest ER in Nepal this April.
Mountain Medicine Course in Nepal14th April 2012 to 1st May 2012
Join Dr Freer, Dr Martin ‘Doc Martin’ Rhodes (CMO for the TV production ‘Poles Apart’ and Antarctic Logistics & Expeditions), and Dr John Apps (MO at Union Glacier in Antarctica) for an amazing trek combining adventure and learning as you make your way up to Dr Freer’s seasonal home at the world’s highest medical clinic at Everest Base Camp.The CME accredited Mountain Medicine Course will draw on the impressive experience of these three specialists to deliver a didactic learning experience in one of world’s most stunning classrooms.

‘It’s the ultimate win-win-win”: join us on a trek that supports the nonprofit Everest ER that combines great exercise, exploration, and learning. Medical professionals earn CME credits (but non medics are welcome to join too!) and a portion of the proceeds benefit the Everest ER. Watch the BBC’s feature on Everest ER

If you can’t travel to Nepal why not join us at the Extreme Medicine Conference? This spring, The Royal Society of Medicine will host the inaugural World Extreme Medicine Conference & EXPO from Sunday 15th – Wednesday 18th April, aimed at attracting a range of attendees from across the medical profession.

The conference is a unique opportunity to share the insight and knowledge of the leaders in the field, explore the opportunities that this area of medicine could offer and obtain valuable CME credits The Extreme Medicine Conference website.

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International World Extreme Medicine Conference & EXPOExpedition & Wilderness Medicine would like to introduce a major new International World Extreme Medicine Conference and EXPO series starting in 2012. Find out more >>
CLICK TO VIEW THE EXPEDITION & WILDERNESS MEDICINE COURSESQuote ‘Expedition Medicine’ to receive very special RSM membership discounts.
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Dr Luanne Freer talks about Mountain Medicine

The next CME Mountain Medicine course sets off for Nepal in April 2012.

Dr Luanne Freer, founder of EverestER, the highest medical post in the world and feature of the well known BBC documentary, talks about what she believes are the strengths of the EWM Mountain Medicine course

Spaces on this course are restricted. To book your place now visit the Mountain Medicine webpage

Also of interest – Extreme Medicine Conference

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Nepal Mountain Medicine leader featured in Smithsonian article

Dr Luanne Freer, leader of this years Nepal CME accredited Wilderness Mountain Medicine course in Nepal, has been written up in a brillant article on the illustrouis Smithsonian website in an article entitled ‘Inside the ER at Mt. Everest’ by Molly Loomis.

A middle-aged woman squats motionless on the side of the trail, sheltering her head from the falling snow with a tattered grain sack.

Wilderness Medicine

Find out more about Mountain Medicine in Nepal

Luanne Freer, an emergency room doctor from Bozeman, Montana, whose athletic build and energetic demeanor belie her 53 years, sets down her backpack and places her hand on the woman’s shoulder. “Sanche cha?” she asks. Are you OK?

The woman motions to her head, then her belly and points up-valley. Ashish Lohani, a Nepali doctor studying high-altitude medicine, translates.

“She has a terrible headache and is feeling nauseous,” he says. The woman, from the Rai lowlands south of the Khumbu Valley, was herding her yaks on the popular Island Peak (20,305 feet), and had been running ragged for days. Her headache and nausea indicate the onset of Acute Mountain Sickness, a mild form of altitude illness that can progress to High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE), a swelling of the brain that can turn deadly if left untreated. After assessing her for HACE by having her walk in a straight line and testing her oxygen saturation levels, the doctors instruct her to continue descending to the nearest town, Namche Bazaar, less than two miles away.

Freer, Lohani and I are trekking through Nepal’s Khumbu Valley, home to several of the world’s highest peaks, including Mount Everest. We are still days from our destination of Mount Everest Base Camp and Everest ER, the medical clinic that Freer established nine years ago, but already Freer’s work has begun. More than once as she has hiked up to the base camp, Freer has encountered a lowland Nepali, such as the Rai woman, on the side of the trail ill from altitude. Thankfully, this yak herder is in better condition than most. A few weeks earlier, just before any of the clinics had opened for the spring season, two porters had succumbed to altitude-related illnesses.

Each year over 30,000 people visit the Khumbu to gaze upon the icy slopes of its famed peaks, traverse its magical rhododendron forests and experience Sherpa hospitality by the warmth of a yak dung stove. Some visitors trek between teahouses, traveling with just a light backpack while a porter carries their overnight belongings. Others are climbers, traveling with a support staff that will aid them as they attempt famous peaks such as Everest (29,029 feet), Lhotse (27,940 feet) and Nuptse (25,790 feet). Many of these climbers, trekkers and even their support staff will fall ill to altitude-induced ailments, such as the famed Khumbu cough, or gastro-intestinal bugs that are compounded by altitude.

A short trip with a group of fellow doctors to the Khumbu in 1999 left Freer desperate for the chance to return to the area and learn more from the local people she had met. So in 2002 Freer volunteered for the Himalayan Rescue Association’s Periche clinic—a remote stone outpost accessed by a five-day hike up to 14,600 feet. Established in 1973, Periche is located at an elevation where, historically, altitude-related problems begin to manifest in travelers who have come up too far too fast.

For three months, Freer worked in Periche treating foreigners, locals and even animals in cases ranging from the simple—blisters and warts—to the serious, instructing another doctor in Kunde, a remote village a day’s walk away, via radio how to perform spinal anesthesia on a woman in labor. Both the woman and the baby survived.

Find out more about the  Nepal CME accredited Wilderness Mountain Medicine course in Nepal attendance of this course will count toward a FAWN degree.
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Acute mountain sickness – a review by Dr Sean Hudson

Management of AMS

Prospective, Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Comparison of Acetazolamide Versus Ibuprofen for Prophylaxis Against High Altitude Headache: The Headache Evaluation at Altitude Trial (HEAT)

High altitude headache (HAH) is the most common neurological complaint at altitude and the defining component of acute mountain sickness (AMS). However, there is a paucity of literature concerning its prevention. The researchers sought to compare the effectiveness of ibuprofen and acetazolamide for the prevention of HAH.

Three hundred forty-three healthy western trekkers were recruited at altitudes of 4280 m and 4358 m and assigned to receive ibuprofen 600 mg, acetazolamide 85 mg, or placebo 3 times daily before continued ascent to 4928 m. Outcome measures included headache incidence and severity, AMS incidence and severity on the Lake Louise AMS Questionnaire (LLQ), and visual analog scale (VAS).

Two hundred sixty-five of 343 subjects completed the trial. HAH incidence was similar when treated with acetazolamide (27.1%) or ibuprofen (27.5%; P = .95), and both agents were significantly more effective than placebo (45.3%; P = .01). AMS incidence was similar when treated with acetazolamide (18.8%) or ibuprofen (13.7%; P = .34), and both agents were significantly more effective than placebo (28.6%; P = .03). In fully compliant participants, moderate or severe headache incidence was similar when treated with acetazolamide (3.8%) or ibuprofen (4.7%; P = .79), and both agents were significantly more effective than placebo (13.5%; P = .03).

Fascinatingly the authors demonstrated that Ibuprofen and acetazolamide are similarly effective in preventing HAH. This adds another medication to the useful arsenal to use in the treatment of AMS and in particular is especially useful when you have a patient who can’t take acetazolamide (diabetics or sulphur allergies) .

Learn more about Altitude Medicine by joining Expedition and Wilderness Medicine’s CME accredited Mountain Medicine course in Nepal headed up by Everest ER founder Dr Luanne Freer

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